Subdural hematoma after lumboperitoneal shunt
Neurosurgery Department, University General Hospital of Alicante, Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencian Region (FISABIO), Alicante, Spain
Physicians should be aware of this potentially devastating complication of shunt placement 1).
Castillo et al. alert about the need to take into account subarachnoid hemorrhage and venous sinus thrombosis as possible complications in the followup of these patients 2).
A 67-year-old man suffered from persistent headache worsening with postural change 2 months after LP shunt reconstruction for iNPH. Head computed tomography showed bilateral chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH). Lumbar images including shuntography and magnetic resonance imaging showed the tip of the lumbar catheter was spontaneously pulled out close to the dura mater with expansion of the epidural space due to Cerebrospinal fluid leakage from a shunt side hole of the lumbar catheter to the epidural space. Shunt removal and subsequent irrigation of CSDH improved his headache. CSF leakage in this case differs from those in previous reports, because early and enormous CSF leakage into the epidural space can be explained only by a different mechanism through a side hole just located in the epidural space in this case. We must pay attention to the possibility of this rare cause of IH due to CSF leakage in patients suffering from postural headache after LP shunt placement 3).
Mild traumatic brain injury
Aoki et al. report four patients treated with a lumboperitoneal shunt in whom acute subdural hematoma occurred after minor head trauma. Three of the four patients had subdural fluid collection or widening of subarachnoid space observed on computed tomography scan after placement of the lumboperitoneal shunt, and discuss its mechanism 5).