Ischemic stroke treatment
Remarkable developments in the field of endovascular neurosurgery have been witnessed in the last decade. The success of endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke treatment is now irrefutable, making it an accepted standard of care 1).
In ischemic stroke or patients with TIA less than five cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) should not affect antithrombotic decisions, although with more than five CMBs the risks of future ICH and ischaemic stroke are finely balanced, and antithrombotics might cause net harm. In lobar ICH populations, a high burden of strictly lobar CMBs is associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and high ICH risk; antithrombotics should be avoided unless there is a compelling indication 2).
Stem Cell Treatment for Ischemic Stroke Recovery
The role of cellular transplantation to promote functional recovery after stroke has been evaluated over the last two decades. Preclinical studies first established the potential for cultured neuronal cells derived from a teratocarcinoma cell line to be tested for safety and efficacy in the treatment of human stroke. In animal models of stroke that caused reproducible learning and motor deficits, injection of neuronal cells resulted in a return of learning behavior, retention time, and motor function. Clinical trials followed. Additional work with cells derived from a bone marrow neuroprogenitor line, fetal cortical stem cells, and other cell sources showed promise in preclinical studies and then these cells were tested in clinical studies 3).