Vagus Nerve Stimulation Indications
It is being investigated in heart failure, headache, gastric motility disorders and asthma.
Although it has been used (off label) for treatment-resistant depression and other psychiatric conditions, the FDA approved indication is for adjunctive therapy for patients > 12 years old with partial-onset seizures refractory to medical treatment.
VNS may be relatively safe and effective for the fetus and mother during pregnancy, and turning off VNS during pregnancy is unnecessary. However, owing to the small sample size and short follow-up time, further research is needed 1).
Results suggest that vagus nerve stimulation paired with tones could become an effective therapy for the treatment of tinnitus 2).