Trigeminal nerve-related pathology
see Trigeminal neuralgia.
Trigeminal trophic syndrome
Superior orbital fissure syndrome
Superior orbital fissure syndrome: dysfunction of nerves III, IV, VI and V1.
Orbital apex syndrome
Orbital apex syndrome: involves II, III, IV, VI and partial V1.
Raeder’s paratrigeminal neuralgia
In Sturge-Weber syndrome: Ipsilateral port-wine facial nevus (nevus flammeus) usually in the distribution of 1st division of trigeminal nerve (forehead and/or eyelid) (rarely bilateral): not always present, alternatively sometimes in V2 or V3 regions 1).
Postoperative trigeminal nerve symptoms occur transiently in 22% and permanently in 11% following microsurgery, similar to the results of SRS 2).
Basilar impression: trigeminal nerve anesthesia.