Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s disease
Cramer et al. from the University of Minnesota, sought to determine whether racial and socioeconomic disparity in the utilization of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson’s disease (PD) have improved over time. They examined DBS utilization and analyzed factors associated with placement of DBS. The odds of DBS placement increased across the study period while White PD patients were 5 times more likely than Black patients to undergo DBS. Individuals, regardless of racial background, with two or more comorbidities were 14 times less likely to undergo DBS. Privately insured patients were 1.6 times more likely to undergo DBS. Despite increasing DBS utilization, significant disparities persist in access to DBS 1).
Modified power-on programming method.
Traditional power-on programming method.