Brain metastases treatment guidelines
ASCO-SNO-ASTRO Guideline 2022
EANO–ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with brain metastasis from solid tumours 2021
https://www.annalsofoncology.org/article/S0923-7534(21)02214-6/fulltext Published:August 05, 2021
Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Role of Surgery in the Management of Adults With Metastatic Brain Tumors 2019
Please see the full-text version of this guideline https://www.cns.org/guidelines/browse-guidelines-detail/guidelines-treatment-of-adults-with-metastatic-bra-2 for the target population of each recommendation listed below.
SURGERY FOR METASTATIC BRAIN TUMORS AT NEW DIAGNOSIS QUESTION: Should patients with newly diagnosed metastatic brain tumors undergo Brain metastases surgery, Stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases (SRS), or whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT)?
Level of Evidence 1: Surgery + WBRT is recommended as first-line treatment in patients with single brain metastases with favorable performance status and limited extracranial disease to extend overall survival, median survival, and local control.
Level of Evidence 3: Multimodal treatments including either surgery + WBRT + SRS boost or surgery + WBRT are recommended as alternatives to WBRT + SRS in terms of providing overall survival and local control benefits.
SURGERY AND RADIATION FOR METASTATIC BRAIN TUMORS QUESTION: Should patients with newly diagnosed metastatic brain tumors undergo surgical resection followed by WBRT, SRS, or another combination of these modalities?
Level 1: Surgery + WBRT is recommended as superior treatment to WBRT alone in patients with single brain metastases.
Level 3: Surgery + SRS is recommended as an alternative to treatment with SRS alone to benefit overall survival.
Level 3: It is recommended that SRS alone be considered equivalent to surgery + WBRT.
SURGERY FOR RECURRENT METASTATIC BRAIN TUMORS QUESTION: Should patients with recurrent metastatic brain tumors undergo surgical resection?
Level 3: Craniotomy is recommended as a treatment for intracranial recurrence after initial surgery or SRS. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE AND RECURRENCE QUESTION A: Does the surgical technique (en bloc resection or piecemeal resection) affect recurrence?
Level 3: En bloc resection of the tumor, as opposed to piecemeal resection, is recommended to decrease the risk of postoperative leptomeningeal disease when resecting single brain metastases.
Does the extent of surgical resection (gross total resection or subtotal resection) affect recurrence?