Test your knowledge about Resection for focal cortical dysplasia treatment

What type of FCD is considered the best candidate for curative surgery, even if it involves lesions in brain eloquent areas?
a) Type I FCD
b) Type IIa FCD
c) Type IIb FCD
d) Type III FCD

What is the most common surgical procedure for FCD that aims to eliminate the source of seizures while minimizing damage to healthy brain tissue?
a) Lobectomy
b) Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
c) Resection
d) Responsive Neurostimulation (RNS)

In cases where open surgery might not be suitable, what minimally invasive technique can be used to target and destroy dysplastic tissue?
a) Intracranial EEG monitoring
b) Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT)
c) Functional MRI (fMRI)
d) PET scan

What is the primary goal of resection surgery for FCD?
a) Complete removal of healthy brain tissue
b) Elimination of all cognitive functions
c) Removal of the dysplastic tissue while preserving healthy tissue
d) Reducing the size of the dysplastic area

Which factor is crucial for achieving seizure freedom following surgery for FCD?
a) The type of medications used
b) Completeness of resection
c) The patient's age at the time of surgery
d) The number of electrodes used during surgery

What is the purpose of intraoperative electrocorticography (ECOG) during FCD surgery?
a) To monitor the patient's blood pressure
b) To assess cognitive function
c) To pinpoint the exact location of the dysplastic tissue
d) To perform laser interstitial thermal therapy

In cases where surgery is not feasible, what alternative treatment option involves monitoring brain activity and delivering electrical stimulation to interrupt seizures?
a) Intracranial EEG monitoring
b) Lobectomy
c) Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
d) Responsive Neurostimulation (RNS)

What type of preoperative assessment helps in understanding the potential risks and benefits of FCD surgery, particularly regarding cognitive and neurological functions?
a) Neuropsychological Assessment
b) Physical fitness evaluation
c) Blood pressure monitoring
d) Dental examination

What type of FCD surgery involves inserting a laser fiber into the brain through a small incision to heat and destroy the dysplastic tissue?
a) Intracranial EEG monitoring
b) Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
c) Lobectomy
d) Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT)

What is the ultimate goal of FCD surgery with respect to cognitive function?
a) Preservation of cognitive and neurological functions
b) Complete elimination of cognitive function
c) Inducing temporary amnesia
d) Enhancing cognitive abilities


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